Small modular reactors or SMRs are nuclear fission reactors with a power capacity of up to 300 MW(e). Due to their smaller size, SMRs can operate in locations unsuitable for larger nuclear power plants. The modular design enables components to be assembled in a factory and transported to a site for installation. This saves both construction cost and time.
SMRs generally have a simpler design and a passive safety system, which decreases the possibility of radioactivity being released into the environment. Small modular reactors demand much less frequent refuelling, that is every 3 to 7 years. Ever growing energy demand makes innovation in the nuclear power plant design more and more important.
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